Module M14 - Documentation

Unit M14U05 - Fundamentals of Photography (Photo Voice)


This Unit explores the way photographs can enhance a participatory mapping project. It introduces trainees to the Photo Voice model as a tool for community expression. It reviews basic techniques, including a discussion of the ideas that a picture can convey when certain variables are altered, such as composition or lighting. The Unit includes exercises that allow trainees to practise photo-taking techniques.

Unit objectives / expected outcomes

After the completion of the Unit the trainee will be able to:

  • discuss the Photo Voice concept as a tool of community expression;
  • apply the principles of photographic composition;
  • position the content of a picture appropriately;
  • select the right types of shots and distance of the camera;
  • choose an appropriate angle and height of the camera;
  • work correctly with exposure and focus;
  • adjust photography to different light conditions.

Content outline, main topics covered and suggested sequencing

This Unit focuses on the topics listed below:

  1. Fundamentals of photography (Photo Voice) (PPT No. 1: Documentation: Fundamentals of Photography (Photo Voice)) (1½ hrs)
  2. Exercises on photography (Exercises No. 1 to 5, depending on time available) (45 min each)

Components of the Unit


Handouts for Trainee (to be distributed in printed format):



½ - 1 day, if all Exercises are involved

Equipment needed

Computer and beamer, basic digital cameras with memory cards, note pads, pens and/or pencils

Additional downloads